Weekly Research Highlight in Fall Prevention

This weekly blog post aims to highlight articles published during the week regarding fall prevention. This week we take a look at the long term effects of slip training on fall risk and the evidence for Yoga as a fall prevention program.

Abstracts for these studies can be found here

Can Treadmill Slip-Perturbation Training Reduce Longer-Term Fall Risk Upon Overground Slip Exposure?
Lee A, Bhatt T, Liu X, Wang Y, Wang S, Pai YCC. J. Appl. Biomech. 2020; ePub(ePub): ePub.
DOI 10.1123/jab.2019-0211 PMID 32843581
Slips are responsible for about 40% of all environmental falls and can lead to severe injuries such as hip fractures and traumatic brain injuries. Perturbation training where a participant is exposed to repeated slips and trips is an emerging area of research with recent trials using low-friction movable platforms reporting a significant reduction in the rate of laboratory falls after one session. While overground slip training may be more task specific in relation to real-life slips, treadmill perturbation training has the potential to be easily translated into rehabilitation clinics. This trial investigated the generalisability of slip-perturbation training on a treadmill both immediately and at 6 months. (Lee et al. 2020)
Does yoga reduce the risk of falls in older people?
Tew GA, Ward L, Hewitt C, Tiedemann A. BMJ 2020; 370: m3246.
DOI 10.1136/bmj.m3246 PMID 32883704
Yoga is a popular means of exercise in older adults and has been shown to improve health related quality of life. Yoga is not currently recommended specifically for fall prevention and the evidence for yoga on falls in community dwelling older adults is uncertain. This brief report examines the evidence for Yoga as a fall prevention program, where the uncertainty lies, ongoing research in the area and contains recommendations for practice. (Tew et al. 2020)